The United States Department of Education, also known as the ED for Education, is a cabinet-level federal department responsible for the management and policy implementation of the U.S. Department of Education. The Education Secretary is the chief officer in the department and reports to the President. In contrast to other cabinet-level posts, the head of this department reports to the President and is removable by the Vice President. The Department of Education is responsible for managing the funding of the schools, providing oversight and testing to ensure that schools are delivering the educational services and programs it was established to provide.
The Department of Education was established to respond to the education needs of all students within the United States. It oversees and coordinates the education programs designed and administered by the different education agencies and branches of the Federal Government. Education is a key component of U.S. foreign policy and the Department of Education is one of the key agencies within the Federal Government that disseminates information and delivers programs designed to further educate the American people in matters concerning public education. Among its many responsibilities is the establishment of education programs that are designed to equip students with the skills they need to compete in the job market. In the past decade, there has been a growing demand for trained teachers in the United States. This has prompted several private and public sector organizations to establish postsecondary education programs that provide trained teachers in various fields including science, math, engineering, business, healthcare and foreign language.
The Department of Education also coordinates activities involving students, parents, students, teachers, schools and other stakeholders within the education system. The Office of Civil Rights, now known as the Office of Fair Treatment and Discipline, was established as a response to the widespread use of discipline policies that discriminate against students on the basis of race, gender, disability, ethnicity or other grounds. The Department of Education enforces U.S. civil rights laws and helps ensure that the educational policies of the United States comply with world standards. In addition, the Department of Education is charged with implementing a plan to improve the nation’s educational system. Its educational plans are designed to establish schools that are safe, balanced, and efficient. To put these plans into place, the Department of Education has developed the National Center for Education Statistics to gather and analyze data on student demographics and the factors that affect the performance of students in the United States’ schools.